薮田 ひかるHIKARU YABUTA

Last Updated :2021/07/02

所属・職名
大学院先進理工系科学研究科 教授
ホームページ
メールアドレス
hyabutahiroshima-u.ac.jp
自己紹介
太陽系小天体に含まれる有機物の化学進化を中心に、アストロバイオロジーの発展に取り組み、「はやぶさ2」や「Destiny+」をはじめとする惑星探査に深く参画しています。

基本情報

主な職歴

  • 2002年05月, 2002年08月, 総合研究大学院大学, 博士研究員
  • 2002年09月, 2003年03月, 産業技術総合研究所, 特別研究員
  • 2003年04月, 2005年06月, 日本学術振興会, 特別研究員(PD)
  • 2005年07月, 2007年06月, Camegie Institution of Washington, 博士研究員
  • 2007年07月, 2008年04月, 日本学術振興会, 海外特別研究員
  • 2008年05月01日, 2016年12月31日, 大阪大学, 助教
  • 2017年01月01日, 2019年03月31日, 広島大学, 大学院理学研究科, 准教授

学位

  • 修士(理学) (筑波大学)
  • 博士(理学) (筑波大学)

研究分野

  • 数物系科学 / 地球惑星科学 / 地球宇宙化学

研究キーワード

  • 初期太陽系、有機化合物、化学進化、小惑星、彗星、隕石、宇宙塵、惑星探査、サンプルリターン、ガスクロマトグラフィー質量分析 (GCMS)、放射光、軟X線吸収分光 (XANES)、走査型透過X線顕微鏡 (STXM)

所属学会

  • 日本地球惑星科学連合、日本地球化学会、日本惑星科学会、日本有機地球化学会、日本生命の起原および進化学会、日本分析化学会、日本化学会、Geochemical Society, Meteoritical Society, The International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life – The International Astrobiology Society (ISSOL)

教育活動

授業担当

  1. 2021年, 教養教育, 集中, サイエンス入門
  2. 2021年, 教養教育, 集中, サイエンス入門
  3. 2021年, 学部専門, 1ターム, アストロバイオロジー
  4. 2021年, 学部専門, セメスター(前期), 地球惑星システム学実習B
  5. 2021年, 学部専門, セメスター(前期), 卒業研究
  6. 2021年, 学部専門, セメスター(後期), 卒業研究
  7. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, セメスター(前期), 地球惑星システム学特別研究
  8. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, セメスター(前期), 地球惑星化学セミナー I
  9. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, セメスター(後期), 地球惑星化学セミナー I
  10. 2021年, 博士課程・博士課程後期, セメスター(前期), 地球惑星化学セミナーII
  11. 2021年, 博士課程・博士課程後期, セメスター(後期), 地球惑星化学セミナーII
  12. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 3ターム, 地球惑星システム学概説
  13. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 1ターム, 太陽系進化論
  14. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 1ターム, 地球惑星物質分析法
  15. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 通年, 国際化演習Ⅰ
  16. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 通年, 国際化演習Ⅱ
  17. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 通年, 地球惑星エクスターンシップ
  18. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, セメスター(後期), 地球惑星融合演習
  19. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, セメスター(前期), 地球惑星ミッドターム演習
  20. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 1ターム, 地球惑星システム学特別演習A
  21. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 2ターム, 地球惑星システム学特別演習A
  22. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 3ターム, 地球惑星システム学特別演習B
  23. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 4ターム, 地球惑星システム学特別演習B
  24. 2021年, 修士課程・博士課程前期, 年度, 地球惑星システム学特別研究

研究活動

学術論文(★は代表的な論文)

  1. Highly porous nature of a primitive asteroid revealed by thermal imaging, NATURE, 579巻, 7800号, pp. 518-522, 202003
  2. Sample collection from asteroid (162173) Ryugu by Hayabusa2: Implications for surface evolution, SCIENCE, 368巻, 6491号, pp. 654-+, 20200508
  3. Organic Matter in the Solar System-Implications for Future on-Site and Sample Return Missions, SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS, 216巻, 4号, 20200512
  4. Concerns of Organic Contamination for Sample Return Space Missions, SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS, 216巻, 4号, 20200512
  5. STXM-XANES analyses of Murchison meteorite samples captured by aerogel after hypervelocity impacts: A potential implication of organic matter degradation for micrometeoroid collection experiments, GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 53巻, 1号, pp. 53-67, 2019
  6. Further characterization of carbonaceous materials in Hayabusa-returned samples to understand their origin, METEORITICS & PLANETARY SCIENCE, 54巻, 3号, pp. 638-666, 201903
  7. The geomorphology, color, and thermal properties of Ryugu: Implications for parent-body processes, SCIENCE, 364巻, 6437号, pp. 252-+, 20190419
  8. Hayabusa2 arrives at the carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu-A spinning top-shaped rubble pile, SCIENCE, 364巻, 6437号, pp. 268-+, 20190419
  9. Shock Vaporization/Devolatilization of Evaporitic Minerals, Halite and Gypsum, in an Open System Investigated by a Two-Stage Light Gas Gun, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 46巻, 13号, pp. 7258-7267, 20190716
  10. Images from the surface of asteroid Ryugu show rocks similar to carbonaceous chondrite meteorites, SCIENCE, 365巻, 6455号, pp. 817-+, 20190823
  11. Prevalence and nature of heating processes in CM and C2-ungrouped chondrites as revealed by insoluble organic matter, GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 241巻, pp. 17-37, 20181115
  12. Organic Molecules and Volatiles in Comets, ELEMENTS, 14巻, 2号, pp. 101-106, 201804
  13. ★, Formation of an ultracarbonaceous Antarctic micrometeorite through minimal aqueous alteration in a small porous icy body, GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 214巻, pp. 172-190, 20171001
  14. ★, Variation of mineralogy and organic material during the early stages of aqueous activity recorded in Antarctic micrometeorites, GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 208巻, pp. 119-144, 20170701
  15. The Hayabusa2 SMP Team: Hayabusa2 Sample Catcher and Container: Metal-Seal System for Vacuum Encapsulation of Returned Samples with Volatiles and Organic Compounds Recovered from C-Type Asteroid Ryugu., Space Science Reviews, 208巻, 1–4号, pp. 107-124, 2017
  16. A Strategy for Origins of Life Research, Astrobiology, 15巻, pp. 1031-1042, 2015
  17. Raman spectroscopic thermometry to carbonaceous material in chondrites: Four-band fitting analysis and expansion of lower temperature limit., J. Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110巻, 6号, pp. 276-282, 2015
  18. Mineralogy and noble-gas isotopes of micrometeorites collected from Antarctic snow., Earth, Planets and Space, 67巻, pp. 90, 2015
  19. Investigation of the records of earthquake slip in carbonaceous materials from the Taiwan Chelungpu fault by means of infrared and Raman spectroscopies., Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16巻, 2015
  20. A micro-Raman and infrared study of the several Hayabusa category 3 (organic) particles., Earth, Planets and Space, 67巻, pp. 20, 2015
  21. ★, X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopic study of Hayabusa Category 3 carbonaceous particles, Earth, Planets and Space, 66巻, pp. 156, 2014
  22. Sequential analysis of carbonaceous materials in Hayabusa-returned samples for the determination of their origin., Earth, Planets and Space, 66巻, pp. 102, 2014
  23. Re-evaluation of frictional heat recorded in the dark gouge of the shallow part of a megasplay fault at the Nankai Trough., Tectonophysics, 626巻, pp. 157-169, 2014
  24. Design of a silica-aerogel-based cosmic dust collector for the Tanpopo mission aboard the International Space Station., Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan., 12巻, ists29号, pp. Pk_29-Pk_34, 2014
  25. Space Exposure of Amino Acids and Their Precursors in the Tanpopo Mission Using the International Space Station., Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan., 12巻, ists29号, pp. Pp_1-Pp_6, 2014
  26. H, C, and N isotopic compositions of Hayabusa category 3 organic samples., Earth, Planets and Space, 66巻, pp. 91, 2014
  27. Exploration of Enceladus' water-rich plumes toward understanding of chemistry and biology of the interior ocean., Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan, 12巻, ists29号, pp. Tk7-Tk11, 2014
  28. Estimation of slip parameters associated with frictional heating during the 1999 Taiwan Chi-Chi earthquake by vitrinite reflectance geothermometry, Earth, Planets and Space, 66巻, 28号, 2014
  29. Effects of metal ions and pH on the formation and decomposition rates of di- and tri-peptides in aqueous solution., Geochemical Journal, 48巻, pp. 219-230, 2014
  30. Characterization of organic aggregates formed by heating products of simulated primitive Earth atmosphere experiments, Chemistry Letters, 41巻, pp. 441-443, 2012
  31. Preliminary organic compound analysis of microparticles returned from Asteroid 25143 Itokawa by the Hayabusa mission., Geochemical Journal, 46巻, pp. 61-72, 2012
  32. ★, Molecular and isotopic study of the macromolecular organic matter of the ungrouped C2 WIS 91600 and its relationship to Tagish Lake and PCA 91008, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 45巻, pp. 1446-1460, 2010
  33. ★, Multiple polar components in humic acids stabilizing free radicals: carboxyl and nitrogen-containing groups, Organic Geochemistry, 39巻, pp. 1319-1335, 2008
  34. Organic thermometry for chondritic parent bodies., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272巻, pp. 445-455, 2008
  35. Quantitative organic and light element analyses of Comet Wild 2 particles using C-, N-, and O- micro-XANES., Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 43巻, pp. 353-366, 2008
  36. The origin and evolution of chondrites recorded in the elemental and isotopic compositions of their macromolecular organic matter., Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71巻, pp. 4380-4403, 2007
  37. ★, The insoluble carbonaceous material of CM chondrites: A possible source of discrete organic compounds under hydrothermal conditions, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 42巻, pp. 37-48, 2007
  38. Organics Captured from Comet Wild 2 by the Stardust Spacecraft, Science, 314巻, pp. 1720-1724, 2006
  39. Comet 81P/Wild 2 Under a Microscope. Science, Science, 314巻, pp. 1711-1716, 2006
  40. Water solubility enhancement effects of some polychlorinated organic pollutants by dissolved organic carbon from a soil with a higher organic carbon content, Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, 41巻, pp. 1483-1494, 2006
  41. ★, The solid-state 13C NMR characterization of insoluble organic matter from Antarctic CM2 chondrites: Evaluation of the meteoritic alteration level, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 40巻, pp. 779-787, 2005
  42. Quantitative evaluation of interactions between hydrophobic organic pollutants and humic substances, Humic Substances Research, 2巻, pp. 9-26, 2005
  43. Influence of structural features of humic substances on the partition coefficient of a chlorinated dioxin, Chemosphere, 58巻, pp. 1319-1326, 2004
  44. Influence of structural features of humic substances on the partition coefficient of a chlorinated dioxin, Chemosphere, 58巻, pp. 1319-1326, 2004
  45. ★, Solid-phase microextraction for the evaluation of partition coefficients of a chlorinated dioxin and hexachlorobenzene into humic substances, Analytical Sciences, 20巻, pp. 787-791, 2004
  46. ★, Tetra- and Pentacyclic alkanes in the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary sediments at Kawaruppu, Hokkaido, Japan, Researches in Organic Geochemistry, 17巻, pp. 33-43, 2002
  47. Mono- and bicyclic alkanes and diamondoid hydrocarbons in the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary sediments at Kawaruppu, Hokkaido, Japan, Geochemical Journal, 36巻, pp. 173-189, 2002
  48. ★, Detection of mono- and bicyclic alkanes and their characteristics in Neogene sediments of the Shinjo basin, Japan, Geochemical Journal, 36巻, pp. 31-49, 2002
  49. ToF-SIMS analysis of carbonaceous particles in the sample catcher of the Hayabusa spacecraft., Earth, Planets and Space, 67巻, pp. 67, 2015
  50. The Camera of the MASCOT Asteroid Lander on Board Hayabusa 2., Space Science Reviews, 208巻, 1-4号, pp. 375-400