TOMOKO WATANABE

Last Updated :2020/12/01

Affiliations, Positions
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Professor
E-mail
tomokowhiroshima-u.ac.jp

Basic Information

Academic Degrees

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Education, Hiroshima University
  • Master of Education, Hiroshima University

Research Fields

  • Humanities;Linguistics;Japanese language education

Research Keywords

  • Japanese|sssessment
  • syllabus
  • livelihood support
  • item analysis
  • Japanese acquisition
  • needs of learner
  • instruction system
  • tlacement Test
  • lorpus of learner Japanese
  • community -based teaching Japanese as a second languege

Educational Activity

Course in Charge

  1. 2020, Undergraduate Education, 1Term, Research Tutorial IIB
  2. 2020, Liberal Arts Education Program1, 1Term, Introductory Seminar for First-Year Students
  3. 2020, Undergraduate Education, 1Term, Japanese Language Curriculum Design
  4. 2020, Undergraduate Education, 3Term, Evaluating Japanese Language Teaching and Learning and Japanese Language Tests
  5. 2020, Undergraduate Education, First Semester, Specific Study of Japanese as a Second Language I
  6. 2020, Undergraduate Education, Second Semester, Specific Study of Japanese as a Second Language II
  7. 2020, Undergraduate Education, Second Semester, Graduation Thesis
  8. 2020, Graduate Education (Doctoral Program) , First Semester, Research into Teaching Japanese as a Second Language
  9. 2020, Graduate Education (Doctoral Program) , Second Semester, Research into Teaching Japanese as a Second Language
  10. 2020, Graduate Education (Doctoral Program) , Second Semester, Teaching Practicum II
  11. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , First Semester, Further Study of Teaching Japanese as a Second Language II
  12. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , First Semester, Special Study in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language I
  13. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , 3Term, Special Lecture on Teaching Japanese as a Second Language IV
  14. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , First Semester, Special Study in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language II
  15. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , Second Semester, Special Study in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language II
  16. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , 4Term, Study of Teaching Japanese as a Second Language IV (Sem.)
  17. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , Second Semester, Special Study in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language I
  18. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , Intensive, Challenges and the Current State of Guidance and Assessment
  19. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , 1Term, Methods of Research and Ethics for Educational Sciences
  20. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , 4Term, Seminar on Japanese Language Testing
  21. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , First Semester, Practicum in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language
  22. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , Second Semester, Practicum in Teaching Japanese as a Foreign Language
  23. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , First Semester, Research Methods in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language
  24. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , Second Semester, Research Project on Teaching Japanese as a Second Language
  25. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , 3Term, Studies in Japanese Language Testing
  26. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , First Semester, Tutorial Seminar in Special Topics
  27. 2020, Graduate Education (Master's Program) , Second Semester, Tutorial Seminar in Special Topics
  28. 2020, Graduate Education (Doctoral Program) , First Semester, Research in Special Topics
  29. 2020, Graduate Education (Doctoral Program) , Second Semester, Research in Special Topics

Research Activities

Academic Papers

  1. Syokyuunihongoekyouzainogokurisuto, 199-228, 19990301
  2. What is Fluency? From the Evaluation of Japanese Native Speakers, 2(45), 397-402, 19990301
  3. Nihongokoutouunyounouryokuniokeruryuutyousa-Nihongobogowasyanoninshikiwotoosite-, 19990301
  4. Development and Problems on Evaluation Research, 2(48), 341-346, 20020301
  5. Considerations Japanese University Students show Intentionally in Conversation with Non- Native Speakers of Japanese, 2(51), 276-273, 20020301
  6. Evaluation Criteria for Japanese Oral Proficiency: Differences among Evaluator, 25(4), 11-18, 20030301
  7. Native speakers' Evaluation of Learners' Speech : A trial of developing a native speakers' evaluation scale, 2(52), 175-183, 20040301
  8. Nihongokoutouunyounouryokuhyoukanozyuuyoudonitaisurunihongobogowasyanoishiki-Kyoushikeikennoumuniyorusoui-, 121-131, 20040201
  9. An Opinion Poll on Japanese Native Speakers Towards the Evaluation of Learners’ Japanese Oral Proficiency: Difference in Contact Experience with Learners, 81-87, 20040301
  10. Nihongobogowasyahananinityuumokushitegakusyuusyanohatsuwawohyoukasurunoka, 76-93, 20040201
  11. Nihongogakusyuusyanohatsuwanitaisurunihongobogowasyanohyouka-Kyoubunsankouzoubunsekiniyoruhyoukakizyunnokaimei-, 94-105, 20040201
  12. Japanese Native Speakers’ Evaluation of Learners’ Oral Proficiency, 20040201
  13. What Factor Japanese Native Speakers Emphasize when Evaluating Learners’ Oral Proficiency: Difference in Teaching Experience, 96-105, 20040701
  14. Factors Affecting Positive and Negative Evaluation of Utterances: Japanese Native Speakers’ Evaluation of Learners’ Oral Proficiency, 77-81, 20040301
  15. Analysis of Japanese Language Teachers’ Behavioral Characteristics, 15-22, 20040301
  16. Nihongokyoushigasonaerubekishishitsu・zyoukennikansurukenkyuu-Minkannihongogakkounonihongoyouseikateisyuuryousyawotaisyoutoshite-, 7-18, 20040301
  17. Japanese Native Speakers’ Evaluation of Learners’ Utterances: Investigation into Evaluation Criteria by Structural Equation Modelling, 57-75, 20050401
  18. Empirical Research on the Behavioural Characteristics of Outstanding Japanese Language Teachers: From the Standpoint of University JFL Learners in New Zealand, 93-100, 20050301
  19. Japanese Native Speakers’ Evaluation of Learners’ Utterances: Difference from the Learners’ Language Level, 33-45, 20051201
  20. What are the Japanese Native Speaker’s Impressions of International Students’ Utterance: Investigation into the Criteria by Structural Equation Modeling, 97-104, 20051201
  21. ""Hatsuwawohikidashinikui, hikidashiyasuiro-rupureitoha?"", 138-144, 20060301
  22. Gakusyuusyagamotomerunihongokyoushinokoudoutokuseinokouseigainen, 94-105, 20060301
  23. Empirical Research on the Behavioural Characteristics of Outstanding Japanese Language Teachers: From the Standpoint of JFL Learners at the Secondary and Tertiary Levels in New Zealand, 29(1), 59-68, 20060601
  24. Development of a Japanese Language Course Web System, 39-47, 20061201
  25. Empirical Research on Characteristics of Behaviors of Outstanding Japanese Language Teachers towards Taiwanese University Students: The Case of Japanese Majors-, 67-76, 20070401
  26. Behavioral Characteristics of Outstanding Japanese Language Teachers Towards University Students in Five Countries of Asia ? Difference in Language Learning Experience, 1-8, 20071201
  27. Revising Japanese Language Course Web System, 29-36, 20071201
  28. Nihongokyoushinotamenode-tabunseki~Wakaranakutemoii? Toukeiyougo~, 6-11, 20080301
  29. Using Japanese Conversation Partner System in Japanese Language Classes, 23-31, 20081201
  30. A Study of Evaluation Factors for Fluency in Japanese, 11-18, 20081201
  31. ""Japanese Language Teachers in Taiwan’s Judgement of Behavioral Characteristics of Outstanding Japanese Language Teachers: Difference by Age, Gender and Language Teaching Experience"", 105-124, 20090401
  32. How Japanese Language Teachers should be According to Taiwanese Undergraduates Request ? Difference Between Japanese Major and Non-Japanese Major-, 1-23, 20090701
  33. Gakkounihongokyouikuniokerunihongokyousigakanngaerunihongokyoushizou-Aziatooseaniatiikiwotaisyouni-, 58-81, 20090301
  34. Nihongokyouinyouseiseidonokokusaityousa, 82-130, 20090301
  35. Development of an Online Japanese Placement Test, 107-117, 20101201
  36. Analysis of the Japanese Language Placement Test Using R: Based on the Classical Test Analysis, 25-32, 20120301
  37. An Analysis of the Japanese Listening Placement Test, 125-131, 20121201
  38. Refining of the Japanese Grammar Placement Test, 2(61), 239-244, 20121201
  39. Second Language Acquistion and Language Assessment: Intoroduction, Acquisition of Japanese as a Second Language, 18, 5-10, 201512
  40. Assessing Extensive Reading in Japanese: Current Issues and Future Directions, Acquisition of Japanese as a Second Language, 18, 32-51, 201512
  41. ★, Examining the Revised Placement Test Using the Rasch Model, Japanese journal for research on testing, 11(1), 99-109, 201509
  42. Japanese as a Second Language Assessment in Japan: Current Issues and Future Directions, LANGUAGE ASSESSMENT QUARTERLY, 14(3), 192-212, 2017

Publications such as books

  1. 2017/03/17, Computer Assisted Autonomous Japanese language learning, Assessment and Testing, 2017, 3, Others, Single work

Invited Lecture, Oral Presentation, Poster Presentation

  1. Assessing Extensive Reading in Japanese: Current Issues and Future Directions, the Third Extensive Reading World Congress, 2015/09/20, Without Invitation, English, Dubai Men’s College
  2. Development of a Reading Fluency Measurement Tool - Examination of Japanese-language Texts and Content Comprehension Problems at the Elementary Completion Level -, Tomoko Watanabe Eri Banno Mitsue Tabata-Sandom, 2017/09/02, Without Invitation, Japanese, published
  3. Extensive Reading Practice in Japanese Language Class – A Case Study of Pula University –, Riho Morishige & Tomoko Watanabe, International Symposium: Japanese Language and Culture Education in Southeastern Europe, 2017/01, Without Invitation, Japanese
  4. Development of reading fluency measurement tools: Examining upper-elementary and intermediate Japanese texts and comprehension questions, Tomoko Watanabe, The front line of Japanese language education: a national symposium for Japanese language educators at university level in New Zealand, 2018/09/12, With Invitation, English, This presentation reports the processes involved in the development of reading fluency measurement tools targeting upper-elementary- and intermediate-level learners of Japanese (L2 Japanese learners), which can also be used for assessment of Extensive Reading and Speed Reading training, and as Speed Reading teaching materials. The tool targeting upper-elementary-level learners consists of ten elementary-level texts. Each text contains ten comprehension questions about each text. The development process was conducted within the socio-cognitive framework (O’Sullivan & Weir, 2011; Weir, 2005). That is, the tool was examined in terms of context validity, cognitive validity, and scoring validity. First, ten texts and 13 comprehension questions for each text were constructed. In this presentation, the online tool used for the development process and its method of usage are demonstrated. Next, after the first data collection involving 522 L2 Japanese learners, the 13 questions were narrowed down to ten. Then, after the second data collection involving 35 L2 Japanese learners, the degree of difficulty of the 10 questions and the texts, and the reading speed, were examined. The findings from the second data collection with 35 learners revealed that one text was somewhat more difficult than the others and so it was replaced by a new text. The development process of the intermediate-level tool has been conducted following the same procedures. At present, ten texts and 13 comprehension questions for each text have been constructed. This presentation reports on a qualitative analysis of the development process of the intermediate-level tool. Through analysing the measurement tool development process both quantitatively and qualitatively, and reporting the findings to the audience, I would like to share the method of developing a reading fluency measurement tool with high validity for both texts and accompanying comprehension questions. Lastly, future directions of research into L2 Japanese reading fluency will be discussed. O’Sullivan, B., & Weir, C. J. (2011). Test development and validation. In B. O’Sullivan (Ed.), Language testing: Theories and practices (pp. 13-32). Basingstoke: Palgrave. Weir, C. (2005) Language testing and validation: An evidence-based approach. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

External Funds

Acceptance Results of Competitive Funds

  1. 2016/04/01, 2019/03/31
  2. 2016/04/01, 2019/03/31
  3. 2016/04/01, 2021/03/31
  4. 2014/04/01, 2015/03/31